In their book, Classroom Instruction That Works, Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock identify nine instructional strategies that research indicates are effective for increasing student achievement. The integration of technology enhances each of these strategies. In most cases, teachers can use interactive websites as whole-class or center activities to reinforce effective classroom instructional strategies. Teachers can also develop projects that require students to practice the strategies, and samples of projects are attached. Finally, I've identified resources where teachers can locate templates such as graphic organizers for multiple purposes. Not all of what is listed below will be mentioned in class -- three hours is simply not enough! But, you can explore the additional resources at your convenience, even months later. ---Boni

Note: Information concerning the effect sizes and their % equivalents is taken from Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock's book as well as the McREL workbook on using technology with the effective instructional strategies. McREL offers workshops on this topic. Generally, my ideas are supplemental to the ideas generated by the McREL workshop.

Website with templates for graphic organizers grouped by the nine strategies:
Websites with graphic organizers for multiple purposes: and
Technology Integration Matrix with examples of each level -- evaluate yourself and your school

Identifying Similarities & Differences

Summarizing & Note Taking

Reinforcing Effort & Providing Recognition

Homework & Practice

Nonlinguistic Representation

Cooperative Learning

Setting Goals & Providing Feedback

Generating & Testing Hypotheses

Activating Background Knowledge

Identifying Similarities & Differences

Identifying Similarities and Differences Presentation slides (I have removed links to specific projects but not to websites. Usually, you will find the projects linked here for download.)

Compare & Contrast

[[|Compare & Contrast Graphic Organizers]]
Compare & Contrast tutorial and worksheets for Primary Students
Interactive Venn Diagram
Compare & Constrast Graphic Organizer (and other graphic organizers)
Similarities and Differences Interactive site where students type in the similarities and differences between similar items. Can print.
Read, Write Think Lessons and Organizers for Compare-Contrast
Compare Contrast Webquest (2nd)
Practice Paragraph (4th)
Teaching the Compare-Contrast Essay: Intermediate to middle school students; handouts included
Everquest: A multi-discipline collection of lessons about a journey to Everest. Excellent ideas for transferring to other content areas.
Writing Fix Focus on Sim and Diff: On this site, teachers share books, graphic organizers and lesson plans for writing with similarities and differences
Student Project Life Zones
Student Project & Template Alike but Different:
Student Project: Earth Day Project


What's My Class?
Classifications (3-5)
Save the Farm
Inferencing Riddles
Classify This! Scholastic website has students separate groups of animals (insect-like) to identify true bugs. Older students who read well. Inferencing is necessary.
Classifying Galaxies Students learn about Hubble's Tuning Fork and try to classify galaxies by shape (grades 5-8)
Sorting Animals Three activities for young students by how they move (K-2)
Sorting Adults and Babies Three activities for sorting animals by age (K-2)
Sorting by Sound Two activities to practice identifying sounds (K-2)
Fly, Walk or Slither? Can you sort the animals by how they move?


Instant Poetry Forms
Chasing Metaphors This video project could be done with stills in Photo Story as well.
Timed Metaphors
Figurative Language Graphic Organizer
Student Project Figurative Language:
Student Project Figurative Language (3rd):
Student Project Metaphors in Nature:


Animal Analogies (2-3)
Awesome Analogies (4-8)
Analogy Game (5-6)
Analogy Explanation & Links
Analogy Quiz
Template for PowerPoint Quiz on Analogies (offered on the web for downloading and use):
Template for creating analogies:
List of analogy categories and samples (adapted from web):

Summarizing & Note Taking

Summarizing and Note Taking Presentation Slides (links to files removed; links to websites retained)
Summarizing and Note-taking Templates


Teachers tend to think of summarizing as writing formal summaries, but we need to expand our definition to include activities that require students to comprehend a body of knowledge, sort out the important from the interesting, and restate the information in a coherent way. Formal written summaries are a good skill to learn (though not worth HOURS of instructional time because they are so rare in adult life), but even more important are the skills within summarizing: finding a main idea, sequencing events, giving the gist in one sentence, creating and solving riddles, creating timelines, presenting a pro or con position in a few short sentences, and other tasks that require recall and retell.

Summarizing Practice (grades 4-8)
Summarize as You Read(grades 4-8)
Graphic Organizer for Summarizing: For more samples like this, visit Guilford School District in NC. This frame was adapted from their Learning Frame.
The Long and Short of It: Three lesson plans based on the same article (included) teaches students strategies for summarizing. Excellent plans.
Summarizing Strategies: Six strategies one teacher uses to practice summarizing
What's the Big Idea? Geared for 2-3 graders by Harcourt; short paragraphs, correct answers allow the student to guess a riddle
Identifying the Main Idea: Ten short paragraphs with multiple choice selection for main ideas
Main Idea Practice for Sixth Graders: 40 short passages with multiple choice
Passage to AutoSummarize in word processing:
Sequencing is a variation of summarizing. For young students, sequencing with pictures develops the ability to summarize by separating out the important information and putting it in order. This site has several mini books with accompanying sequencing cards to practice sequencing. Note the the site has some religious materials.

Note Taking

Fact Frenzy: A demonstration of note-taking with exercises
Tools for Note Taking
Note Taking Organizers
Trash and Treasure Notetaking article
Cornell Notes Generator
Teacher Sample Notes Guide for Bill of Rights
Teacher Sample Bubble Map
Teacher Sample Combination Notes for Food Chain
Teacher Sample Notes Map for Constitution Unit
Teacher Sample Notes Organizer for Habitat Research
Teacher Sample Pre and Post Reading Guide
Teacher Sample Reindeer Research Notes Guide
Teacher Sample Story Notes Guide
Teacher Sample 2-column Notes
Teacher Template and Student Sample and
Bird Website and Teacher-Provided Notesheets in pdf

Reinforcing Effort & Providing Recognition

Effort & Recognition Presentation Slides (links to files removed; links to websites retained)

Reinforcing Effort

Walking Log
Walk to School Day Oct. 8,2008
Scrabble Game
Teacher Samples Effort Rubric for Self-Evaluation on Collaborative Projects or
Student Project Ecology Flyers
Student Project Vocabulary Challenge
Student Project People Who Make a Difference or
Student Project I Can Make a Difference or
Effort Log Log how much effort you put into the day's activities
Excellent podcasts on Behavior Management: praise, cultural influences on learning styles, managment systems

Providing Recognition

Article on Ineffectiveness of Rewards
Awards & Certificates
Guidelines for Publishing Student Work
Kind Acts Awards for Students
Honoring Students Awards Listing
Free Rice: Vocabulary quizzes that donate 20 grains of rice for each correct answer -- recognition through helping others
Customized Awards: Print or email these awards
Need ideas for rewards? Here's list of possibilities: Jackpot! From this list, choose the ones that are 1. Acceptable to you, the teacher, as doable, and 2. Acceptable to the school community as appropriate. Offer students the chance to choose from the list to create individualized reward choices. When they earn a reward, the choose what it is.
Troubleshooting a Failing Reward System

Homework & Practice

Homework & Practice Presentation Slides (links to files removed, links to websites retained)


Spelling Practice
Rubric Maker
Reading Calendar
Homework Excuse : If you assign homework, require that everyone either turn in the homework or fill out a homework excuse. During conferences, parents can see the evidence of incomplete homework and the reasons for it.
Sample Differentiated Homework Assignment
Arapahoe Library Live Homework Help
TIPS: Sample homework assignments that meet best practice


Reading A-Z (fee required but some services are free)
Starfall (pre-K-2)
Reading Motivation
Everyday Math Skills Practice
Resources for K-12 Teachers
Millionaire Template

Nonlinguistic Representation

Nonlinguistic Representation Presentation Slides (links to files removed; links to websites retained)
The Education Podcast Network
ITunes Store (click on podcasts)
Reaction (Create a food web)
Thinkport (Podcasting information)
Sing Along Songs
British site Songs for Learning English
Visuwords: A visual thesaurus

Student Projects Idiom Dictionary Page: and
Student Project Suffixes:
Student Project: Life Zones:
Student Project Oceans Food Web:
Student Project Vocabulary web
Student Project Nutrition
Student Project Insects
Student Project ABC Guide to Remembering/Reviewing

Cooperative Learning

Cooperative Learning (links to files removed; links to websites retained)
Global SchoolNet: Find collaborative partners and join projects FREE
Kids Curators: Students create a museum based on Big Questions
Online Timer Use timers for short cooperative activities to give students a clear expectation of what should be accomplished
DustBowl Webquest (5th)
Immigration Webquest Although this is Iowa-based, its concepts and tools could be used for any state
Blog Basics How to create and use a blog
Wiki Basics How to create and use a wiki
Gold Rush Webquest
Shrinking a Landfill
Podcasting Project Ideas Podcasting can be an excellent example of cooperative learning
Forms and Ideas for Cooperative Learning
Homesteading Mars: (3-5) What would it take to homestead Mars with 100 people?
Marble Roll: (4-5) How far will a marble roll?
Letterpop Free online newsletter tool

Screencast describing the process to create and use sub-accounts in gmail for students.

Setting Goals & Providing Feedback

Setting Goals & Providing Feedback Presentation Slides (links to files removed; links to websites retained)

Setting Goals

Student Project Reading Goal Graph:
Student Project Writing with Vocabulary:
Sample Goal Setting Form for Grading Period
Sample Mini Goal Form (© 2004 by Education World®)

Providing Feedback

Food Web
Rubric Finder
Houghton-Mifflin Rubrics & Graphic Organizers
That Quiz
Effort Rubric with pictures

Generating and Testing Hypotheses

Generating & Testing Hypotheses Presentation Slides (links to files removed; links to websites retained)
Create A Graph: Free web resource for graphing inquiry results

Systems Analysis

Build An Online Habitat
Build a Satellite
Virtual Pond
Making Fossils
Design a Planet Guided and audio-supported practice in determining a planet that on which humans could survive, but not exactly like Earth
Student Project Ocean Food Web:

Problem Solving

Animal Challenges
Virus Hunt
My Life as an Elk
Zoopz Games
Archibald's Adventure
Mystery Net's Mysteries
Meet Me at Midnight (Smithsonian mystery)
Rush Hour

Historical Investigation

Life in a Sod House
A. Pintura, Art Detective
Colorado History
Food Discoveries
Farms Then and Now
Mystery Photo
History Mystery


Build a Roller Coaster
Build a Roller Coaster 2
Build a Roller Coaster 3
Invention At Play
Line Rider

Experimental Inquiry

Hair Detective
Owl Pellet Dissection
Science Modules
Animal Camouflage
Edheads -- Virtual Knee Surgery, Weather, Simple Machines
Interactive Science & Engineering (7-11 year olds)
Physics Interactives
Natural History Games
Weather Information for climate comparisons with other cities
Alien Xperiment Create a plan and conduct an experiment to determine which food the alien ate.
Planet Impact: Discover the impact of gravity on planets (Grades 5-8)
K-12 Lesson on Creating Hypotheses and Conducting Experiments with observation sheet


Human and Animal Habitats
Efficient Errands
Insect Hunt
Viking Quest: A middle school simulation of a viking journey forces good decisions for survival
Wolf Quest: Designed for 10-13 year olds, this downloadable program simulates the life of a wolf in Yellowstone. Sponsored by NSF, it allows chat in 'wolf talk' and will eventually allow packs of wolves to work together online.
Be the Mastermind: Help NASA unscramble the space mission to fix the Hubble.
Betwixt Folly and Fate: Role playing as a character in Colonial Williamsburg. (grades 4-8)
Fly the Mail: Make decisions about how to fly the mail from New York to Cleveland in 1920.
Shedd Aquarium Interactives: Search by grade level for interactives that require decision-making

Activating Background Knowledge (Cues, Questions, & Advance Organizers)

Background Knowledge Presentation Slides (links to files removed; links to websites retained)
Collaborative Mapping
Gliffy (Webbing)
Website of Interactive Organizers
RubiStar Rubric Maker
Graphic Organizers
Word-limited PowerPoint:
KWL with embedded video:
Anticipation Guide Blank
Anticipation Guide for Hatchet
Lesson for Heart Study with Anticipation Guide for Heart Study (K-3) and Anticipation Guide for Heart Study (4-6)
Teacher Sample Anticipation Guide for Internet Study
Anticipation Guidefor Mrs. Rumphius by Conway (3rd)
Prediction Guide for Science Text (7th)
Multimedia Resources
Graphic Organizers: Holt has provided a number of graphic organizers that can be downloaded, typed in, and printed.
Essential Questions article
Esssential Question resources list

Metamorphosis Resources (Activating Background Knowledge sample)

Katrina the Caterpillar An animated book about a caterpillar who dreams of freedom but is also afraid
Metamorphosis An animated text with a catchy song about the questions children have about caterpillars and metamorphosis
Video Clip on Metamorphosis After registering, you can download the clip and handouts for sequencing the stages of metamorphosis for a frog, dragonfly, and butterfly.
Anticipation Guide for focusing young students on the video clip. Question is "Who undergoes the most change?" and the guide uses pictures to help students. Meant for K-1 students.
Student Project Four Squares